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What Is a WEBSITE and How Does It Work?

What Is a WEBSITE and How Does It Work?


Welcome back! We learnt about the internet in our previous lesson. By now, you should be an expert on that topic.
Today’s lesson also promises to be interesting and rewarding. We shall be discussing website and its related topics.
In our earlier lessons, we have looked at 

Computer Hardware (Components)

Computer Hardware Components

The Internet

Integrating IT into Education

What is a Website?

Simply put, a website is a collection of web pages of information or documents, linked or connected together, in electronic form.

How a website works

The work of a website is made possible by an ISP – Internet Service Provider. The ISP owns the machine or equipment called SERVER. The Server is used for the website connection.

To enable or activate the website or web page for business, the Server must first be available or open all the time.

Importance of a Website

The following are the importance of a website:-
1. It enables companies to advertise or promote their businesses and services.

2. A website provides lots and lots of information for Internet Users.

3. Needed information can be either downloaded from a website or uploaded or copied onto it, on the internet.

4. Websites keep people abreast, informed or updated on events and happenings around the world.

Web browsing
What is Web browsing?

Web browsing is the process, whereby an Internet User uses the mouse pointer or arrow to move or go from one Web page to another, in search of some information or something else.


What is a Web browser?

This is a computer application program or software which is specifically designed for Internet Users to have access to a web page or website. An example of the Web browser is Mozilla Firefox.

Parts of a Web browser

The following are parts of a Web browser:-
1) Title bar:- This displays the title or name of a web page and browser. The title bar is usually, blue in colour.

2) Menu bar:- The Menu bar includes the following items:-
i. File
ii. Edit
iii. View
iv. Favourites
v. Tools
vi. Help

3) Navigation bar:- This can be found under the Menu bar. It includes:-
I. Back:-  takes you back to the beginning of a page.
II. Forward:- takes you forward to the next page.
III. Stop ×:- stops you or the page from loading.

4) Refresh:- repeats the loading of the same page.

5) Homepage:- This is the front page of the website.

6) Address bar:- This bar displays the address of the company, organization or website.

Web page
What is a Web page?
A web page is a single page of information on WWW, that has a specific address on the web.

Social Media Usage-Tertiary Schools Ranking 2017

Introduction to the web address

A web address is usually, located on the WWW. Another name for web address is Uniform Resource Locator (URL). It specifies the exact web page you have located or opened.

Features or parts of a Web address
A good example of a web address is https://www.ghanaeducationnews.com.

The following are the features of a typical Web address:-
• letters (http) (www) (ghanaeducationnews).
• colon (:) slash (//) question mark (?).
• http://means hypertext transfer protocol. This helps the Web browser to locate your web page.
• www simply means, world wide web with a dot (.) in-between.
• ghanaeducationnews:- is the name of the webpage.
• (.com) is the domain name. This could also be .gov, .net, .org e.t.c.
• (/) represents an approach to a different area of the website.

What Is a WEBSITE and How Does It Work?

What is Internet Etiquette?

There are certain rules and regulations governing the use of the internet. Internet Etiquette, therefore, is the general guidelines or regulations for Internet Users to follow or observe as they make use of the internet.

The following are some of the internet etiquettes:-
1) Use subject heading, when sending e-mail messages.

2) Be mindful of the kind of expression, remark or language you use on the internet; e.g. no use of abusive language – this could be traced to the original source.

3) Do not use Capital letters only, as you type the message to be sent.

4) Do not use bad or wrong punctuation, grammar/spelling expressions.

5) Be brief and to the point, when sending messages.

6) Reply or respond quickly to e-mails received.

7) Correct any errors or mistakes made in your messages before sending them.

What Is a WEBSITE and How Does It Work?

Internet Jargon
What is internet jargon?

These are certain peculiar terms or words used in respect to the use of the internet.
The following are some known internet jargon:-
SPAM:- Unsolicited or unwanted messages sent to you on the internet, without your knowledge or consent; e.g. business or service promotions and adverts, pornography, lotto winnings e.t.c. Simply, delete them as soon as you receive them. They could also be viruses intended to spy on your activities on the internet.

Lurking:- This is the act of taking part in an internet discussion, without actually, responding to any message sent to you; i.e. when you receive an e-mail message or Newsgroup discussion topic after reading it, refused or failed to reply or respond to it.

Flame:- A message written on the internet or e-mail, with the intention to cause anger or offend someone, Online.

Firefighters:- These are Users of the internet who try to calm tension or anger among flaming Users.

We come to the end of the lesson. I hope you have enjoyed it. I have. Till we meet again, keep reading your notes.

A professional teacher and Alumna of the University of Cape Coast. Also holds a diploma in Information Technology.

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