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Roles of Parents in Child Education

Roles of Parents in Child Education

Roles of parents in child education have evolved over the years into a complicated duty in the education of children .

The role of parents in educating their children starts from the home. A child’s first classroom and encounter with learning until he or she is introduced into the school environment is the home.

Parents are the first set of teachers the child encounters in life. Children will need the help of their parent to learn through out life.

The introduction of the child to formal learning environment does not in any way relieve parents from their roles in educating their wards. Rather, it adds additional responsibilities to their duties as parents.

Roles of Parents in Child Education
Children Learning in School

This means that, learning activities take place at school while parents honour their responsibilities towards the education of their children. These duties of parents are critical to the success of the child in school.

The above suggests that, there exist a partnership between the school and parents in educating the learner.

This article looks critically at the neglected roles of parents in educating their children and how this is affecting academic work and upbringing of learners.

(Ardita & Rabije, 2016) Posited that, the education at home leads to child upbringing and training, helping children with their take home works or course works further allows learning to take place at home.

Roles of Parents in Child Education and  Parental Assistance

Sadly in our part of the world, many parents are not capable of assisting children with their home works. This may be attributable to several contributing factors.

In most Ghanaian homes, children hardly see their parents in the morning because, parents leave home before the children wake up, and arrive home late when the children are asleep.

This lifestyle of parent denies children the opportunity to be helped with their academic work at home.

In some instances, parents do not have the capability to read, let alone understand the home works their wards bring home. In the end, such children do not get the needed help unless some one can hwlp them in the neigbourhood.

Abscence of Parental Encouragement

Parents have the responsibility of encouraging their wards to study well and make the grades. Performing this role in child education is of great importance to both the child and the parents but, some parents have neglected this role. Parents are quick to discourage their children through demeaning pronouncements and curses.

Sometimes, children suffer depression because; they failed a paper and never got their parents encouraging them to work hard. Parents are quick to insult children for poor performance instead of thinking and strategizing how to help the learner put up a better performance in future.

In homes where either or both parents appreciate the challenges their children go through learning, parental support is forth coming and inspiring enough to make the learner work harder.

None Payment of Fees

The role of parents in child education includes financial commitments at all levels. School fees, books, pocket money and other related commitments that must be catered for term after term.

Sometimes, parents are unable to honour these obligations on time or not at all. Fee paying is a challenge for most parents at the basic level. This is usually the case where parents want their wards to attend private schools instead of public schools.

Children absent themselves from school; miss vital lessons until fees are paid. Some parents end up withdrawing their children to other schools as a result of the piled up fees. Some parents may end up moving their wards several times from one school to the other before the child completes Junior High School.

This frequent changing of school for children can affect their learning and performance. It takes time for children to adjust to the teaching styles of new teachers and change of environment may affect their child’s performance. Children get demoralized when they are asked to go home becuase of unpaid fees.


Failure to Attend Parent Teacher Association Meetings

Parent Teacher Association is an important association in every school. Attending this meeting is an important role of parents.  It brings together parents, teachers and school owners or managers to deliberate on issues concerning the school, programs of activities, challenges of all stake holders and others.

Most at times, parents do not attend such meeting to discuss the academic work of their children. Parents seem not to know the usefulness of these meetings. Parents sometimes attend P.T.A meetings but do not contribute to discussions. In the long run, decisions that do not favour them to be implemented.

Disrespect of teachers by parents

It is sad to know that, some parents lose their temper when issues crop up in school. Instead of using dialogue and decorum to deal with the issue; they rather go to fight the teacher(s).

Verbal and physical abuses are common when such issues emerge.  Parent who abuse their children as a result of low academic performance must stop. Acts such as these must be condemned because, they do not help the learner in any way.

Both parents and school authorities need to effectively communicate with each other in the interest of the learner. Parents should know their wards teachers who can help them perform some of the roles in educating their children.

Can Teachers take over the Roles of Parents in Child Education?

Roles of parents in child education cannot be performed by the teacher but augmented. If parent coordinate well with their ward’s teacher(s), the educators can provide vital information on the performance of the child.

This information which often covers academics, behaviour, interest and weaknesses would inform parents more about their child.

However, if parents disrespect teachers especially in the presences of their children it creates bigger problems. The child suffers because the teacher may decide to pay less attention to the child in class.

Roles of Parents in Child Education
Teachers in Class with pupils

This attitude by a teacher in itself is not one we encourage because, the misunderstanding is not the cause of the child.

Heads of schools therefore need to help build a friendly atmosphere between staff and parents and their learner. This way the roles of parents in child education can be supported by the school.

The roles of parents in child education  is of great concern to all stakeholders of education.  Stakeholders in every school must accord each other the needed respect and channel all energies towards the education of children whose education needs have brought them into contact with each other.

In conclusion, parents must not neglect their roles as parents in educating their children. Parents must put in every effort to balance work with their duties. Encouraging and inspiring children can help the children perform.




Wisdom is an ambitious optimist who believes in venturing out to create and to revolutionize the world a post at a time, writing to educate, inspire, entertain, influence and start thought-provoking debates on varied topics.

He loves writing, a skill he developed as a pupil at the University Staff Basic School, Legon, Accra. He has never looked back.

He authored "Returnees of the Dead Forest" in the UK with Xlibris Publishing House. in 2013

When others see the challenges of today, Wisdom sees the successes of tomorrow in a world filled with opportunities. He holds the belief that today's genuine efforts, dreams and aspirations will become rewarding.

Wisdom is currently studying Mphil. Leadership. He enjoys writing, blogging, playing football, public speaking and teaching.

Contact Ghanaeducationnews.com or Wisdom for your school's news coverage or promotion of school-related events, advertisements and publications.

Wisdom believes in partnership, teamwork and networking.

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